Types of Sentences in English
A Sentence is a group of words arranged so as to make sense. Sentences are divided into different types of sentences in English. Sentences in English have been divided, according to their use, into Principal Sentences and Dependent Sentences. They are also divided, according to their form, into the three classes following.
Types of Sentences in English According to their Form
Sentences in the English language are also divided, according to their form, into the three classes following.
Simple Sentences which are composed of one Principal Sentence.
Complex Sentences which are composed of one Principal Sentence and any number of dependent sentences which modify words in the Principal Sentence.
Compound Sentences which are composed of two or more Principal Sentences and any of these Principal Sentences may have any number of Dependent Sentences joined to them ; as,
Simple Sentence : We caught the bird.
Complex Sentence : We caught the bird because it was lame.
Compound Sentence : We caught the bird, but it got away ; or, We caught the bird because it was lame, but it got away ; or. We caught the bird because it was lame, but it got away when we started home.
Types of Sentences in English according to their Functions
Sentences have also been divided into four kinds according to their functions. These four types of sentences are:
A Declarative sentence is a sentence that tells or declares something.
Examples of Declarative Sentences:
1. Ram is a good boy.
2. Birds have wings.
3. There are seven days in a week.
An interrogative Sentence is a sentence that asks a question. An interrogative sentence ends with a question mark (?).
Examples of Interrogative Sentences:
1.Is Ram a good boy?
2. Do birds have wings?
3. Are there seven days in a week?
An Imperative Sentence is a sentence that expresses a command or a request.
Examples of Imperative Sentences:
1. Give me a glass of water.
2. Open the door.
3. Come here.
An Exclamatory Sentence in the English language is a sentence that that expresses violent emotion, such as terror, surprise, or anger. Exclamatory sentences end with exclamation marks (!).
Examples of Exclamatory Sentence:
1. How beautiful the flower is!
2. What a terrible noise that engine makes!
3. You want my book!