Parts of Speech in the English Language

Parts of Speech in English

There are eight parts of speech in the English language. They are noun, verb preposition, adjective, pronoun,  adverb, interjection, and conjunction. Learn the parts of speech to start with the English grammar.


A Noun is the name of a person or of a thing; as, Ram, Shyam, city, horse, house etc. Ram got a new job. In the preceding sentence ‘Ram’ and ‘job’ are nouns.


A Verb is a word which declares something. Every sentence must contain a verb as its predicate. They live in the city. In the preceding sentence ‘live’ is a verb.


preposition is a word which shows the relation between a noun and some other word. Rahul threw the ball at me. In the example sentence ‘at’ is a preposition.


An Adjective is a word that describes or limits a noun. This is a red ball. In the example sentence ‘red’ is an adjective.


A Pronoun is a word used to represent a noun. A pronoun is used in place of a noun. Ram is my friend. He lives in that house. ‘He’ in preceding the sentence is a pronoun.


An Adverb is a word used to modify the meaning of a verb, an adjective or another adverb. He spoke quickly. ‘Quickly’ is an adverb.


An Exclamation, or interjection, is a word which has no relation to the other words in a sentence, but is used to express some feeling or emotion; as, Alas ; The poor child will die. Hurrah! we have won the game. Any part of speech may be used as an exclamation.


A Conjunction is a word used to join other words or to join two sentences. Ram and Shyam went there. ‘And’ is a conjunction. But, or, because are all conjunctions.

After you have finished learning all the parts of speech take these parts of speech exercises to strengthen your understanding of them.


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