Eight Parts of Speech with Examples
Go through the below eight parts of speech examples with different classes of these eight parts of speech. The different classes into which words are divided are called Parts of Speech in the English grammar.
Nine Parts of Speech?
The Article ‘A’ is sometimes reckoned as a distinct part of speech, but it is an Adjective.
Examples of Eight Parts of Speech in the English Language
The eight parts of speeches are the Noun, the Adjective, the Pronoun, the Verb, the Adverb, the Preposition, the Conjunction, and the Interjection. Below are the examples of these parts of speech. Also find the examples of the classes of these parts of speech.
#1 Examples of Parts of Speech: Nouns
Noun is our first of the Eight Parts of Speech. A Noun is the name of a person, place, or thing. The word ‘thing’ is taken in its widest sense. It includes whatever we can think of, whether it be an object that we can see or something provided by the mind; as truth, joy, happiness etc.
Noun is divided in five classes. Find below these five kinds of Nouns with examples.
Examples of Proper Nouns
Proper Noun is the name of only one person or thing. Some proper noun examples are John, Madras, India, Monday, the Ramayana, the Ganges.
The word proper means own. Proper noun means one’s own name.
Examples of Common Nouns
A Common Noun is name that can be given to all things of the same kind. Some examples of Common Nouns are Man, Books, Day, Dog, Table, friend, tree, car, country, city etc.
Examples of Collective Nouns
Collective Nouns denote a number of persons or things taken as one. Some examples of Collective Nouns are herd, flock, army, crowd. Different names are often given to different collections of objects. Such as, a crowd of person, a flock of sheep, a bunch of grapes etc.
Examples of Material Nouns
Material Nouns denote the names of substances. Examples of some of the Material Nouns are gold, iron, stone, wood, water, silver, copper etc.
Examples of Abstract Nouns
An Abstract Noun is the name of a quality or action ; as, lateness, love, truth, reading. The word abstract means drawn off. A quality is always found in a substance ; as redness in a rose. But we we think of it as apart from its substance. The object itself, as opposed to this, is called a Concrete Noun ; as, rose, etc.
Abstract Nouns may denote
(a) A quality ; as, ‘honesty, hardness.
(h) A state ; as, health, sleep.
(c) A feeling or an action ; as, pain, running.
)d) Names of arts and sciences ; as, painting, astronomy.
(c) Time or space ; as, youth, depth.
#2 Examples of Parts of Speech: The Adjectives
An Adjective is a word which qualifies a Noun; as, strong men. Examples of these parts of speech are red, angry, strong. This part of speech may be divided into four principal classes.
1. Examples of Adjectives of Quality
Adjectives of Quality show the quality or state of the thing named; examples, a fat man, a hot cake, an angry person, a dark room, a beautiful flower.
2. Examples of Adjectives of Quantity
Adjectives of Quantity refer to bulk or size. They show how much of a thing is meant; examples, much, little, some,
3. Examples of Numeral Adjectives
Numeral Adjectives show how many ars meant or in what order ; examples, four, first.
4. Examples of Demonstrative Adjectives
Demonstrative Adjectives points out the thing spoken of ; examples, this, that.
#3 Parts of Speech Examples: The Pronouns
This part of speech is a word used in place of a Noun as, Govind is not here ; he is in the playground. The principal classes of Pronouns are Personal, Demonstrative, Relative, and Interrogative.
Adjective, Reflexive, Indefinite, Distributive, and Reciprocal Pronouns are other classes.
1. Examples of Personal Pronouns
These parts of speech are so called because they name the person speaking, spoken to, or spoken of. There are three Persons.
The First Person denotes the person speaking, examples I, we etc.
The Second Person denotes the person spoken to example, you,
The Third Person denotes the person or thing spoken of, examples, he, she, they etc.
2. Examples of Demonstrative Pronouns
Demonstrative Pronouns are so called, because they point out (as with the finger) whatever is spoken about and are used instead of it. Examples of the principal Demonstrative Pronouns are, he, it, this and that with their Plurals.
3. Examples of Relative Pronouns
A Relative Pronoun is so called because it relates or refer to some word going before, called the Antecedent. It also joins sentences or parts of sentences like a Conjunction; as, The student who passed is here.
Examples of this part of speech are who, which, that, and what. As and but are also employed as Relatives.
4. Examples of Interrogative Pronouns
The Interrogative Pronouns are who, which, and what, with their compounds. They are used in asking questions. Example of this part of speech are who, what, how, when, where etc.
5. Examples of Reciprocal Pronouns
Reciprocal Pronouns denote acting in return. They are each other and one another.
#4 Parts of Speech Examples: Verb
Verbs are the action words of the Eight Parts of Speech. A Verb is a word which declares or tells something ;
as, Krishna reads ; Rama is sick.
This part of speech is divided in two great classes – Transitive and Intransitive.
Examples of Transitive Verbs
A Transitive Verb denotes action passing from the doer to an object; as, Rama struck the table. Transitive comes from the Latin translre, to pass over.
Examples of Intransitive Verbs
A transitive Verb expresses an action that does not go beyond the doer. Example, we walk, we run, we sleep etc.
#5 Parts of Speech Examples: The Adverb
An Adverb is a word which qualifies a Verb, an Adjective, or another Adverb; as, Walk quickly ; It is too large ; He studies very diligently. This part of speech may be divided into Simple and Relative or Conjunctive.
Examples of Simple Adverbs
Simple Adverbs merely qualify words ; ag, now, soon, quickly. Most Adverbs belong to tins class.
Examples of Relative or Conjunctive Adverbs
Relative or Conjunctive Adverbs both qualify words and connect sentences ; as, He did it when all had come.
#6 Examples of Parts of Speech: The Preposition
This part of speech is a word placed before a noun or pronoun to show its relation to some other word ; as, The hook is on the table ; Come to me.
Prepositions are divided into three classes : 1. Simple ; 2, Compound ; 3. Phrase Prepositions.
1. The following are Simple Prepositions : at, for, in, of, on, out, to, up, with,
2. Compound Prepositions are formed in different ways.
A Preposition may be prefixed to an Adverb ; as, before (be=by), behind, beneath, above, within, throughout.
A Preposition may be prefixed to a Noun ; as, aboard (on board), across, mound, among, beside, outside, etc. In expressions like a year, a day, a is not the Indefinite Article, but a weakened form of the Preposition on. In Old English it was on day,
3. Phrase Prepositions are made up of two or more words ; as, instead of, on account of, together with, for the sake of.
#7 Examples of Parts of Speech: The Conjunction
This part of speech joins sentences and words ; as, You may go, but I must stay ; Two and two make four.
Conjunctions may be divided into the following principal classes :
1. Cumulative Conjunctions simply add one statement to another: examples, and, both, also, as well as, not only, etc.
2. Adversative or Disjunctive Conjunctions place the second clause in some kind of opposItion to what precedes ;
as, or, nor, else, but, still, yet for all that, not-but etc.
3. Illative Conjunctions express efFect or consequence; examples, therefore, wherefore, consequently, so, hence, then, so then, etc.
#8 Examples of Parts of Speech: The Interjection
An Interjection is a word used to express some sudden feeling ; as Ah ! what shall I do? The Interjection is not properly a “Part of speech“, as it has no grammatical relation to any other word in the sentence.
The following is a list of the most common Interjections:
Adieu ! ah ! aha ! alas ! away ! ha ! hah ! hail ! hark ! ho ! hush ! hurrah ! hush ! hurray ! oh I off !