Distinction Between Adverb and Preposition

Distinction between Adverbs and Prepositions

The same words are used sometimes as Adverbs and sometimes as Prepositions. They are to be distinguished according to the manner in which they are used. Prepositions always govern some Noun or Pronoun. Adverbs are not added to Nouns or Pronouns, but modify Verbs, Adjectives, and other Adverbs. In  “Come on,” on is an Adverb ; in “The hook is on the table,” on is a Preposition. But is a Preposition when it is equal to except; as, None lut him.

Nigh, near, nearer, next, are sometimes used as Propositions, or as Adjectives with the Preposition to understood ; as, Near him. near (to) him.

The following is a list of words which are generally Prepositions:
A, about, above, across, after, against, along, amid, amidst, among, amongst, around, at, athwart. Before, behind, below, beneath, beside, besides, bet^veen, betwixt, beyond, but, by. Concerning. Down, during. Except, excepting. For, from. In, into. Near, nigh. Of, off, on, over. Regarding, respecting, round. Save, saving, since. Through, throughout, till, to, touching, toward, towards. Under, underneath, until, up, upon. With, within, -without.

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