What is a Conjunction? List, Types and Examples

What is a Conjunction?

A Conjunction is a word used to join other words or to join two sentences. If the two things joined by the conjunction are of the same rank ; that is, if they are two words or two principal sentences or two dependent sentences, the conjunction  is said to be co-ordinating; as, John and Charles. He missed the hare but I killed it. Henry took a cold when he went out and got wet. When a conjunction joins a dependent sentence to a principal sentence it is said to be subordinating ; as, He fell because the ladder broke. The lion ran when the hunter shot.

Examples of most important and common conjunctions

There are many conjunctions in the English language. Following are the most important and common conjunctions. Familiarize yourself with these little parts of speech.

and, but, neither, or, both, either, nor, whether, after, although, before, because, except, for, it. lest, notwithstanding, till, that, though, unless, until.

Types of Conjunctions

Below are the different types of conjunctions with examples.

Co-ordinating Conjunctions

andbutneitheror
botheithernorwhether

Subordinating Conjunctions

afterfortill
althoughifthat
becauselestthough
 beforenotwithstandingunless
exceptsinceuntil

In the following sentences select and classify the conjunctions ; also state which sentences are principal and which dependent.

EXERCISE

John and James have caught a fox. The boys saddled their horses and went for a ride. The tramp denied that he had stolen the watch. They will not wait till we come. Charles has not missed the question, but James has. It matters very little if he goes away. Lucy will write to you when she comes back. If you take care you will not fall. When he saw the flowers he ran and got them. After I get my money I will give you some. Henry will not come to the picnic because he has sprained his wrist. We tried the plank but found that it broke. The robbers supposed that the traveler had money. We will go before that rain comes and wets us. Unless Mary holds her hat it will blow away.

What are Correlative Conjunctions?

When conjunctions are used in pairs they are called Correlative Conjunctions. The principal Correlative Conjunctions are:

Both—and. Either—or. Neither—nor. Whether—or. Not only—but also.

Do the Following Conjunction Exercises

In the following sentences select the correlative conjunctions and state what they join.

CONJUNCTION  EXERCISE

I saw neither Charles nor James. Both Mary and her father have come. You will soon see whether he pays you or not. Robert neither studies his lessons nor enjoys his play. He both saw the game and liked it. Not only you but we also have heard the news. Neither the general nor the soldiers feared the enemy. Though Henry was sick yet he finished his work.

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