What is an Adverb? | Types of Adverbs

What is an Adverb?

An Adverb is a word used to modify the meaning of a verb, an adjective or another adverb ; as,

Verb – The horse walks slowly. John has not read. He came yesterday.
Adjective – We saw a very tall tree.
Adverb – The man talks very slowly.

Many adverbs can be compared, and these form the comparative and superlative, as adjectives do, by adding er and est to the positive, or by using more and most ; as

 

PositiveComparativeSuperlative
fastfasterfastest
soonsoonersoonest
carefullymore carefullymost carefully
slowlymore slowlymost slowly

 

The following, and some others, have irregular comparison like the adjectives to which they correspond:

 

PositiveComparativeSuperlative
badly or illworseworst
littlelessleast
muchmoremost
wellbetterbest

Types of Adverbs

Adverbs are divided into several types according to their use in a sentence. Below are the types of this part of speech.

Simple Adverb

A Simple Adverb is one which only modifies the word with which it is used ; as, The snow falls fast. He is quite sick.

Conjunctive Adverb

A Conjunctive Adverb is one which modifies the word with which it is used and also joins the clause in which it stands with the rest of the sentence ; as, He will not tell whei^e he lives. She shows us where the house stood.

 

Below is a list of the most important conjunctive adverbs.

 

aswhenwhywhile
thenwherewhereforewhenever

 

as when whither why while than where whence wherefore whenever

Interrogative Adverb

An Interrogative Adverb is one used in asking a question ; as, Why have you done this ? When will he come ?

Types of Adverbs According to their Meaning

 

1. Adverbs of place ; as, here, there,.
2. Adverbs of time ; as, now, then, to-day.
3. Adverbs of manner; as, badly, well, quickly.
4. Adverbs of degree; as, little, much, greatly.

 

The important words yes and no are sometimes called adverbs. These words are, however, entire sentences in themselves ; as.

Will he see Henry? Yes—that is—He will see Henry. Has John been here ? No—that is—John has not been here. Yes and No cannot be parsed, and are called the Responsives. In the following sentences select the adverbs and parse them, noticing whether they modify verbs or adjectives or other adverbs. Classify the adverbs according to their use and to their meaning,

 

EXERCISE
The rider suddenly fell from his horse. The boys saw a very fierce lion in the show. She has learned her lesson uncommonly well. The scholars have not come to-day. These officers will hardly catch the thief now. We shot three very fat birds. This girl speaks too low. We have found where the flowers bloom. A mocking bird sang very loudly in the bush. I have not learned when Susan will come back. You will never discover why the servant ran away. When have you seen him ? The kite sank slowly to the ground. Why have they done this ? Which of the girls learned her lesson best? They have not stayed long enough. Lucy plays more correctly than Jane. William will recite his lesson better tomorrow. A horse runs more quickly than a man. He will not come here willingly. You read faster than we.

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